El arte del buen café

01 Jun 2012

espresso-2

oleo-dixit“Tiene que ser negro como el diablo, caliente como el infierno, dulce como el amor y puro como un ángel”: con la retórica oscurantista de un sacerdote decimonónico, el cura francés Charles de Talleyrand no se refería al demonio en su sermón: hablaba del café. La bebida que les quitaba el sueño a los religiosos desde que fuera bautizada por el papa Clemente VIII amenazaba con convertirse en una obsesión para los espíritus recoletos. Ahí donde el “vino árabe” llegó del Medio Oriente hasta Europa para conquistar los corazones beatos, pronto se volvió un desafío para la tecnología de todas las épocas. ¿Cómo conseguir el café perfecto? Aunque parece un invento milenario, la máquina express recién se patentó en 1938, creando una infusión llena de sabor, muy aromática y de cuerpo aterciopelado pero no fue hasta la década del ’60 (sí, la era de las misiones espaciales) que la ingeniería puso un hombre en la Luna y un espresso celestial en la taza.

El café espresso es una bebida de origen italiano que se caracteriza por su rápida preparación y por su sabor más concentrado. Según la precisa definición de la enciclopedia Café, de la muy afrancesada Editorial Larousse, “es obtenido por percolación a alta presión (15 bares como mínimo); con este procedimiento, se obtiene un café más denso que con los demás, muy aromático y cubierto con una crema deliciosa cuyo color rojizo-dorado constituye un indicador de calidad”. Si desde siempre el café fue combustible intelectual para los estudiosos de las Sagradas Escrituras, el espresso se convirtió en el Santo Grial de los bebedores: es la síntesis de todo lo bueno de la infusión. Aroma, sabor, temperatura, cremosidad, textura. En un planeta con saberes cada vez más especializados, el Mundial de Baristas hace competir a los cafeteros con mejor mano en la preparación del espresso y hasta se alumbró la fórmula de la taza perfecta: “Tiene 30 mililitros de café, extraídos entre 20 y 30 segundos, aunque lo ideal serían 25. En sólido, se obtiene con 7 gramos de molido muy fino, prensado con una fuerza de 15 bares, para que filtre agua a 90° y produzca una crema de 3 milímetros”. Matemática, ¿estás ahí?

Además de la destreza personal, el secreto del espresso está en… la cafetera. Se empezó a fabricar en serie desde 1948 gracias a la chispa del ingeniero y barista italiano Achille Gaggia, que bautizó con su apellido a las máquinas más virtuosas y que logró fusionar dos cuestiones fundamentales para la preparación del café: el paso del agua por el grano molido es muy rápido (aquellos famosos 25 segundos), lo cual evita que se extraiga demasiada cafeína y así se garantiza una selección de los mejores aromas o sabores; y el agua está bajo presión a 15 bares, lo que permite la aparición de la tan mentada crema (o “tapita de espuma”) sobre la superficie del café. En la Argentina, los consumidores exigen mejorar la experiencia doméstica: reclaman tomar en sus casas un café similar (¡mejor!) al del bar de la esquina. Según los números del consumo masivo, ya se venden 4.000 cafeteras promedio por mes durante todo el año y la cifra sube a 10.000 en los meses de temporada alta de regalos: junio, octubre y diciembre.

El café puede ser una experiencia religiosa. La parábola del buen cafetero cuenta que el célebre cappuccino debe su nombre al “cappuccio” italiano, ni más ni menos que la caperucita que distingue a los monjes de la Orden de los Cappuccinos. Para algunos, el homenaje se debe a su creador, un sobrio sacerdote fanático de la infusión. Para otros, el café con leche coronado de espuma se parece a la capucha marrón puntiaguda y de ahí viene el tributo. Como sea, en el cappuccino la espuma o la crema tienen la misma importancia, o incluso más, que el café mismo. Si un viejo refrán peninsular dice que nunca debe tomarse después del mediodía, en su libro Culto al café, el maestro turco Yasar Karaoglu confirma: “En Italia es la bebida preferida para los desayunos y para acompañar pastas dulces”. Claro: ¿qué estómago aguanta tanta leche después de una grande de muzzarella?

Entre sus atributos, la cafetera express trae un vaporizador que expulsa aire caliente y que sirve para espumar la leche (siempre entera, porque la descremada no se espesa tanto). Sólo hay que servir una medida de leche en una jarra de aluminio o acero inoxidable y sumergir el vaporizador: hay que dejar entrar el aire caliente de a poco, moviendo la jarra rítmicamente, para que la espuma se reparta por toda la superficie, generando muchas burbujas. En el proceso, la leche no debe hervir, sólo hay que calentarla hasta 60 ó 70 grados. Una vez espumada, se sirve en un tazón de 150 centímetros cúbicos y después se le agrega el café espresso, según la fórmula: 1/3 de leche calentada al vapor, 1/3 de espuma y 1/3 de café. Como toque final, espolvorear la capucha blanca con cacao rallado. Beber hasta que se dibuje en el rostro un bigote blanco. Y disfrutar porque, según un dicho popular cubano, “un buen café con leche es una bendición de Dios”. Así sea.

Publicado en Guía Oleo

Encontrá más notas similares en
Historia del café

85 thoughts on “El arte del buen café”

  1. corburterilio

    This is really attention-grabbing, You’re a very professional blogger. I’ve joined your feed and look ahead to looking for extra of your magnificent post. Also, I have shared your website in my social networks!

  2. treadmill moving help

    Needed to draft you this very small remark just to thank you over again for all the pretty concepts you have discussed at this time. This is really pretty generous with you to convey without restraint all numerous people could have marketed as an e-book to help with making some money for their own end, precisely since you might well have tried it in case you wanted. Those good tips in addition worked to become good way to be certain that other people online have a similar eagerness just like my own to figure out way more in respect of this issue. I know there are a lot more pleasurable situations up front for many who take a look at your site.

  3. seo reporting software

    Throughout the grand design of things you actually get an A just for effort and hard work. Where exactly you actually misplaced everybody was in the facts. You know, people say, the devil is in the details… And it couldn’t be more true here. Having said that, allow me inform you what exactly did give good results. The authoring is actually highly powerful and this is probably why I am taking the effort in order to opine. I do not really make it a regular habit of doing that. Secondly, whilst I can see the jumps in reasoning you make, I am not necessarily convinced of how you appear to connect your details which in turn make the actual conclusion. For the moment I will, no doubt yield to your point however hope in the future you connect the facts much better.

  4. Website Designers London

    Good day! I could have sworn I’ve been to this site before but after reading through some of the post I realized it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m definitely glad I found it and I’ll be book-marking and checking back frequently!

  5. you could check here

    You are my inhalation, I own few web logs and rarely run out from post :). “Follow your inclinations with due regard to the policeman round the corner.” by W. Somerset Maugham.

  6. language courses abu dhabi

    I think this web site holds some very wonderful information for everyone. “It is easy enough to define what the Commonwealth is not. Indeed this is quite a popular pastime.” by Elizabeth II.

  7. Free Bets

    An interesting discussion is worth comment. I think that you should write more on this topic, it might not be a taboo subject but generally people are not enough to speak on such topics. To the next. Cheers

  8. laliga santander

    hello!,I like your writing so much! proportion we be in contact extra about your article on AOL? I require an expert on this house to unravel my problem. Maybe that’s you! Looking ahead to see you.

  9. buy fb fans

    Heya i’m for the primary time here. I found this board and I in finding It really useful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give one thing back and aid others such as you aided me.

  10. w88 link vao

    I haven’t checked in here for some time because I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are good quality so I guess I’ll add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  11. buy local

    I like what you guys are up also. Such clever work and reporting! Keep up the excellent works guys I?¦ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my website 🙂

  12. Tabung Pemadam kebakaran

    Thanks for sharing excellent informations. Your website is very cool. I am impressed by the details that you have on this web site. It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for more articles. You, my friend, ROCK! I found just the information I already searched everywhere and just could not come across. What a perfect web site.

  13. superhero parties chicago

    With havin so much written content do you ever run into any problems of plagorism or copyright violation? My website has a lot of unique content I’ve either authored myself or outsourced but it seems a lot of it is popping it up all over the internet without my authorization. Do you know any techniques to help reduce content from being ripped off? I’d really appreciate it.

  14. transformation

    My brother suggested I might like this web site. He was totally right. This post truly made my day. You can not imagine simply how much time I had spent for this information! Thanks!

  15. Foreign Universities

    Thanks for sharing superb informations. Your web site is so cool. I’m impressed by the details that you have on this blog. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this web page, will come back for extra articles. You, my friend, ROCK! I found simply the information I already searched all over the place and simply could not come across. What an ideal website.

  16. versace cheap uk

    My developer is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the costs. But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using Movable-type on several websites for about a year and am concerned about switching to another platform. I have heard fantastic things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can import all my wordpress content into it? Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  17. end of lease cleaning melbourne reviews

    hello there and thank you in your information – I’ve certainly picked up anything new from proper here. I did alternatively expertise a few technical issues the usage of this website, as I skilled to reload the web site many instances previous to I could get it to load properly. I were thinking about if your web hosting is OK? No longer that I am complaining, but sluggish loading instances occasions will often impact your placement in google and could damage your high-quality ranking if advertising and ***********|advertising|advertising|advertising and *********** with Adwords. Well I’m adding this RSS to my e-mail and can glance out for a lot extra of your respective fascinating content. Make sure you update this once more soon..

  18. karma mokra dla psa

    Thank you for sharing superb informations. Your web-site is very cool. I am impressed by the details that you?¦ve on this blog. It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject. Bookmarked this web page, will come back for extra articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found just the info I already searched everywhere and just couldn’t come across. What a great web site.

  19. bankopilka

    Good write-up, I?¦m regular visitor of one?¦s web site, maintain up the nice operate, and It is going to be a regular visitor for a lengthy time.

  20. http://yanistyle.com

    Aw, this was a really nice post. In concept I would like to put in writing like this additionally – taking time and precise effort to make an excellent article… but what can I say… I procrastinate alot and under no circumstances appear to get one thing done.

  21. branded leather handbags

    I carry on listening to the news bulletin lecture about receiving boundless online grant applications so I have been looking around for the most excellent site to get one. Could you advise me please, where could i get some?

  22. Pingback: Google

  23. dubai yacht rental

    You actually make it appear so easy with your presentation however I in finding this matter to be actually one thing that I think I’d never understand. It seems too complex and extremely large for me. I’m having a look ahead on your subsequent post, I’ll try to get the hold of it!

  24. W 88

    Hello! I just would like to give a huge thumbs up for the great info you have here on this post. I will be coming back to your blog for more soon.

  25. Pingback: buy kona

  26. link

    Excellent beat ! I wish to apprentice even as you amend your website, how can i subscribe for a weblog website? The account aided me a appropriate deal. I have been a little bit familiar of this your broadcast provided vibrant transparent idea

  27. Pingback: 100% kona coffee

  28. Pingback: Double Dildo Video

  29. Pingback: work at home 2017

  30. Pingback: tratamento de drogas

  31. making money from home

    I like what you guys are up also. Such smart work and reporting! Keep up the superb works guys I have incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my website 🙂

  32. Alat pemadam api

    F*ckin’ remarkable issues here. I am very happy to peer your post. Thank you a lot and i’m looking ahead to contact you. Will you kindly drop me a mail?

  33. USAA group insurance

    I am really impressed with your writing skills and also with the format in your blog. Is that this a paid topic or did you customize it yourself? Either way keep up the excellent high quality writing, it is rare to peer a nice blog like this one these days..

  34. 33Elsie

    I must say it was hard to find your website in google.
    You write interesting posts but you should rank your blog higher in search engines.
    If you don’t know how to do it search on youtube: how to rank a website Marcel’s
    way

  35. excursions from marrakech

    I will immediately clutch your rss as I can’t to find your e-mail subscription link or e-newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Kindly allow me know in order that I could subscribe. Thanks.

  36. Pingback: Rheumatism Oil

  37. Pingback: Green Field

  38. branches of neuroscience

    I like this blog very much, Its a very nice billet to read and obtain information. “Young men think old men are fools but old men know young men are fools.” by George Chapman.

  39. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0401-3338

    Once I originally commented I clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now every time a remark is added I get four emails with the same comment. Is there any approach you may remove me from that service? Thanks!

  40. Best News Blog

    I really enjoy reading through on this web site, it contains great articles. “The living is a species of the dead and not a very attractive one.” by Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche.

  41. freeannualcreditreport

    I and also my buddies appeared to be analyzing the nice secrets and techniques from your web blog then then got a horrible feeling I had not expressed respect to the website owner for them. The ladies had been stimulated to read through all of them and already have surely been tapping into these things. Appreciate your getting considerably helpful as well as for utilizing variety of amazing themes millions of individuals are really wanting to know about. My sincere regret for not expressing gratitude to earlier.

  42. קמגרה

    I wanted to send a brief comment in order to say thanks to you for all of the stunning tricks you are giving out on this website. My rather long internet lookup has now been compensated with reliable strategies to exchange with my partners. I would claim that we readers are rather fortunate to live in a remarkable website with many brilliant individuals with very beneficial basics. I feel very much lucky to have come across your entire website and look forward to so many more awesome minutes reading here. Thank you once again for everything.

  43. compare auto insurance quote

    Terrific work! This is the type of information that should be shared around the internet. Shame on the search engines for not positioning this post higher! Come on over and visit my web site . Thanks =)

  44. Pingback: barcode kaufen

  45. Pingback: Make Money Online

  46. Pingback: robert

  47. Advertising

    You actually make it seem really easy with your presentation but I in finding this topic to be really one thing that I think I’d by no means understand. It kind of feels too complicated and extremely wide for me. I’m having a look ahead for your subsequent submit, I will attempt to get the hang of it!

  48. Pingback: DIY wall bed

  49. Pingback: girnede satılık ev fiyatları

  50. Pingback: ponožkové legíny

  51. Pingback: jaadoo

  52. Pingback: vintage collectibles

  53. borvestinkral

    Rattling superb info can be found on web site. “Preach not to others what they should eat, but eat as becomes you, and be silent.” by Epictetus.

  54. Pingback: chinese antiquities

  55. Pingback: g spot sex toy

  56. Pingback: sex toys for couples

  57. Pingback: sex toy butterfly

  58. Pingback: sex toys cleaner

  59. maserati rental

    This is really interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger. I have joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your great post. Also, I’ve shared your web site in my social networks!

  60. Pingback: sex toy review

  61. get redirected here

    Its excellent as your other posts : D, thankyou for putting up. “The present is the necessary product of all the past, the necessary cause of all the future.” by Robert Green Ingersoll.

  62. Pingback: adam eve toys

  63. Events in Dubai

    A lot of thanks for all of your work on this web site. Gloria really loves managing investigations and it is easy to see why. All of us know all of the compelling ways you create invaluable suggestions through your blog and therefore foster response from the others about this idea plus our simple princess is in fact understanding a great deal. Have fun with the rest of the year. You’re the one carrying out a useful job.

  64. LuciaKSW

    Hey there! I understand this is somewhat off-topic however
    I had to ask. Does operating a well-established website such as yours take a large amount of
    work? I’m completely new to blogging however I
    do write in my journal every day. I’d like to start a blog so I can easily share my own experience and thoughts online.
    Please let me know if you have any suggestions or tips for brand
    new aspiring bloggers. Appreciate it!

  65. Pingback: pink rabbit sex toy

  66. Pingback: surfing lessons in huntington beach

  67. Pingback: 2H2D

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *